I developed an interest in entomology while earning a B.S. in Environmental Biology from Washburn University. During this time, I spent three semesters studying the potential for indirect effects resulting from an outbreak of the asimina webworm moth following the removal of honeysuckle, on populations of its host, and the potential for natural enemy mediated indirect effects on other insect herbivores in the community. This experience as well as pertinent coursework and reading led me to realize the applied value of research in ecology, plant – insect interactions, and population regulation. My current research is primarily focused on gaining a better understanding of the relationships between squash bee (and other beneficial and pest arthropods) abundance, and various management practices in organic cucurbit agriculture, as well as the distribution of squash bees across Michigan.
email: appenfel 'at' msu.edu